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Artifacts give evidence of 1,000 years of cultural continuity in the cities built on these levels.
A sharp break with the past occurred on the sixth level, settled about 1900 B. by newcomers believed to have been related to the early Greeks.
There, a thirty-meter-high mound called Hisarlik was identified as the site of ancient Troy in diggings begun by German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann in the 1870s.
Built after an earthquake devastated the previous city about 1300 B.
C., the seventh level was clearly the victim of sacking and burning about 1150 B.
Anatolia (Turkey) is that region lying to the south of the Black Sea, to the east of the Aegean Sea, north of the eastern Mediterranean Sea and, inland, the Fertile Crescent, and west of the Caucasus-Azerbaijani districts.
A very roughly hewn upland region for the most part, it has been both a home and a highway for a bewildering variety of peoples for as long as there have been humans.
The first light to penetrate the dark age in Anatolia was lit by the very Phrygians who had destroyed Hattusas.
Architects, builders, and skilled workers of iron, they had assimilated the Hittites' syncretic culture and adopted many of their political institutions.
There is abundant archaeological evidence of a thriving neolithic culture in Anatolia at least as early as the seventh millennium B. What may have been the world's first urban settlement (dated ca. C.) has been uncovered at atalhyk in the Konya Ovasi (Konya Basin). C., metallurgy made possible a flourishing "copper age" (ca. C.) during which cultural patterns throughout the region were remarkably uniform.
The use of bronze weapons and implements was widespread by 2000 B. Colonies of Assyrian merchants, who settled in Anatolia during the copper age, provided metal for the military empires of Mesopotamia, and their accounts and business correspondence are the earliest written records found in Anatolia. C., southern Anatolia, which had plentiful sources of ore and numerous furnace sites, developed as a center of iron production.
Among them were the bronze-working, chariot-borne warriors who conquered and settled the central plain.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating